OUTDOOR MAINTENANCE AGREEMENT
Employee Specific Training – Outdoor Maintenance.
The following sheets represent the most common equipment that you will come into contact with and be required to possibly use. Please ensure you fully understand how to use any piece of equipment safely and have all the required safety gear before you operate. If you are not confident, please see your supervisor before you begin. If there is a piece of equipment you are required to use that is not listed, please refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Book in the staff room and review the training before you begin.
Employee Unsafe Work Refusal
Every employee has the right to refuse to do a task if they feel that their personal safety is being jeopardized or of that of a co-worker.
If you feel that your safety or the safety of a co-worker may be jeopardized by performing a certain task, that you or any other person in the workplace could potentially be a victim of workplace violence, or that you or any other person may be a victim of domestic violence that may enter the workplace, then you must report your concerns to your immediate supervisor.
Discuss it fully with your supervisor. If the supervisor feels that the task is safe to perform or that there is no potential threat of violence and you still disagree, ask to speak to your Manager, the Owner, a member of the Safety Committee, or your Safety Representative and have that person assist in resolving the situation.
The Manager, Owner, a member of the Safety Committee, or your Safety Representative will review the Job Safety Hazards Analysis performed for that task to examine all potential hazards, and will also review the Workplace Violence program to ensure that all preventative measures are in place. Check to see if the nature of the task or if the potential for violence has changed since the time the last assessment was prepared and update the Assessments accordingly in order to help resolve any of the safety concerns.
If you are the victim of domestic violence and think that you may encounter that person in the workplace, or the risk of workplace violence has the potential to expose you to physical injury, you must report this situation immediately to your Supervisor, Manager or Owner so that they can enact measures to protect you and your co-workers. You may be exempted from your normal duties and work in what is agreed upon to be a safe place until the threat of the risk of physical violence has been removed.
Please remember at all times to make your personal safety and that of your co-workers a top priority!
Safety should never be compromised and short cuts should never be taken. We take the safety of our employees, patrons, contractor employees, and of anyone on our site seriously and will continuously improve the safety program we have established. Please work safely while you are here at work and remember to take safety home with you.
Heat Stress Policy and Program
What is Heat Stress?
When the body is unable to cool down by sweating, several heat-induced illnesses such as heat stress or heat exhaustion and the more severe heat stroke can occur, and can result in death.
What are some of the factors leading to Heat Stress?
Some of the factors leading to Heat Stress include; high temperature and humidity; direct sun or heat; limited air movement; physical exertion; poor physical condition; some medicines; and inadequate tolerance for hot workplaces.
Heat Disorders and Health Effects
If a worker shows signs of possible heat stroke, professional medical treatment should be obtained immediately. The worker should be placed in a shady area and the outer clothing should be removed. The worker's skin should be wetted and air movement around the worker should be increased to improve evaporative cooling until professional methods of cooling are initiated and the seriousness of the condition can be assessed. Fluids should be replaced as soon as possible. The medical outcome of an episode of heat stroke depends on the victim's physical fitness and the timing and effectiveness of first aid treatment.
Regardless of the worker's protests, no employee suspected of being ill from heat stroke should be sent home or left unattended unless a physician has specifically approved such an order. Symptoms of heat stroke include:
A. Dry, hot skin with no sweating.
B. Mental confusion or losing consciousness.
C. Seizures or convulsions.
Treatment - CALL AN AMBULANCE IMMEDIATELY! This condition can kill a person quickly. Remove excess clothing; fan and spray the person with cool water; offer sips of cool water if the person is conscious.
2. Heat Exhaustion - The signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion are headache, nausea, vertigo, weakness, thirst and giddiness. Fortunately, this condition responds readily to prompt treatment. Heat exhaustion should not be dismissed lightly, however, for several reasons. One is that the fainting associated with heat exhaustion can be dangerous because the victim may be operating machinery or controlling an operation that should not be left unattended; moreover, the victim may be injured when he or she faints. Also, the signs and symptoms seen in heat exhaustion are similar to those of heat stroke, a medical emergency.
Workers suffering from heat exhaustion should be removed from the hot environment and given fluid replacement. They should also be encouraged to get adequate rest. Some of the symptoms of heat exhaustion are:
A. Headaches, dizziness, lightheadedness or fainting.
B. Weakness and moist skin.
C. Mood changes such as irritability or confusion.
D. Upset stomach or vomiting.
Treatment - GET MEDICAL ATTENTION AT ONCE! This condition can lead to heat stroke, which can kill. Move the person to a cool shaded area; loosen or remove excess clothing; provide cool water to drink; fan and spray with cool water.
3. Heat Cramps - If you are performing hard and physical labor in a hot environment, you can suffer from heat cramps. These cramps have been attributed to an electrolyte imbalance caused by sweating. It is important to understand that cramps can be caused by both too much and too little salt. Cramps appear to be caused by the lack of water replenishment. Because sweat is hypotonic solution, excess salt can build up in the body if the water lost through sweating is not replaced. Thirst cannot be relied on as a guide to the need for water; instead, water must be taken every 15 to 20 minutes in hot environments.
Under extreme conditions, such as working for 6 to 8 hours in heavy protective gear, a loss of sodium may occur. Recent studies have shown that drinking commercially available carbohydrate-electrolyte replacement liquids is effective in minimizing physiological disturbances during recovery.
Treatment - Move to a cool area; loosen clothing, gently massage and stretch affected muscles and drink cool salted water (1/4 to 1/2 tsp. salt in 1 litre of water) or balanced commercial fluid electrolyte replacement beverage. If the cramps are severe or don't go away after salt and fluid replacement, seek medical aid. Salt tablets are not recommended.
4. Heat Collapse - ("Fainting"). In heat collapse, the brain does not receive enough oxygen because blood pools in the extremities. As a result, the exposed individual may lose consciousness. This reaction is similar to that of heat exhaustion and does not affect the body's heat balance. However, the onset of heat collapse is rapid and unpredictable. To prevent heat collapse, the worker should gradually become acclimatized to the hot environment.
Treatment - GET MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY! Assess need for CPR. Move to a cool area; loosen clothing; make person lie down; and if the person is conscious, offer sips of cool water. Fainting may also be due to other illnesses.
5. Heat Rashes - Heat rashes are the most common problem in hot work environments. Prickly heat is manifested as red papules and usually appears in areas where the clothing is restrictive. As sweating increase, these papules give rise to a prickling sensation. Prickly heat occurs in skin that is persistently wetted by unevaporated sweat, and heat rash papules may become infected if they are not treated. In most cases, heat rashes will disappear when the affected individual return to a cool environment.
Treatment - Get the employee to a cool area and give them sips of cold water. Run cool water over the affected area.
6 Heat Fatigue- A factor that predisposes an individual to heat fatigue is lack of acclimatization. The use of a program of acclimatization and training for work in hot environments is advisable. The signs and symptoms of heat fatigue include impaired performance of skilled sensorimotor, mental, or vigilance jobs. There is no treatment for heat fatigue except to remove the heat stress before a more serious heat-related condition develops.
How to prevent heat related disorders.
Tick Bites Lyme Disease
Lyme disease is on the rise in Canada; decrease your workers risk of infection by taking preventative action and learning more about Lyme. Blacklegged ticks (deer ticks) that can transmit Lyme disease are in more areas than previously thought; infected tick populations have continued to expand into neighbouring areas, and may also be spread by migratory birds. Infected ticks are most commonly found in wooded areas, tall grasslands, and in provincial and national parks. The risk of tick bites increases between early spring and late fall.
What Is Lyme Disease?
Lyme disease is an inflammatory infection that spreads to humans through tick bites.
Lyme is a borreliosis caused by borrelia bacteria, which commonly infects woodland animals like mice or deer. Ticks pick up the bacteria by biting infected animals, and then pass it on to their human hosts. The are many strains or genospecies of borrelia that cause Lyme disease (borreliosis) in humans just as there are many strains of the flu virus that cause flu symptoms in humans, with some strains more virulent than others.
3 stages of Lyme (often blurred together quite rapidly):
Stage 1: Early infection (first few days after infection)
Stage 2: Infection spreads (days to weeks following infection)
Stage 3: Chronic Lyme (days to weeks after infection if left untreated, or not properly treated, for months/years after infection)
Lyme disease is most treatable during Stage 1. As time passes, both treatment and diagnosis become more difficult. Symptoms worsen during each stage of infection, ranging from flu-like symptoms to neurological illnesses, including paralysis. With chronic Lyme disease there is not one system of the body that can be unaffected.
While some Lyme victims experience immediate symptoms after infection, others may have none for many months. Symptoms of Lyme disease usually occur within one to two weeks but can occur as soon as three days or as long as months, after an infected tick bite. In order to transmit the disease, a tick must be attached to feed for at least 24 to 36 hours.
The early symptoms and signs may include fever, headache, jaw pain, light sensitivity, red eyes, muscle and joint pains, fatigue, swollen glands, and a skin rash, especially one that looks like a red bull’s eye (called erythema migrans).
If you develop these symptoms, promptly seek medical advice. Tell your doctor about your outdoor occupation, and if you have been working in an area where you may have had exposure to ticks. Early treatment with antibiotics usually results in complete recovery. Lyme disease is not spread from person to person or by animals. However, animals may carry the ticks.
Examples of Occupations Most at Risk
Occupations at risk include outdoor workers especially those in southern Ontario who may work in wooded, bushy areas or in tall grasses such as workers in park and wildlife management, ground keepers, greens keepers, loggers, construction workers, farmers, fishers, camp counsellors, landscape workers, biologists, veterinarians, silviculture workers and tree planters.
How Can Workers Avoid Ticks?
If you are working outside, protect yourself!
Treatment and Removal of Ticks
The most important thing is to make sure that you remove all the tick, including the mouth parts that are buried in the skin; DO NOT squeeze the body of the tick when you are removing it as this can force its stomach contents into the wound and increase the chance of infection.
When should you remove the tick?
You should only remove the tick yourself, or get a friend or family member to remove it, if the tick is not buried very deep into your skin. If the tick has been on your skin for less than two hours, it has probably not had a chance to burrow into your skin. If the tick is just on the surface of your skin, or only biting on to the outside skin layer, you can remove it following the proper protocols.
Removal methods and how to videos: http://canlyme.com/lyme-prevention/tick-removal/
When should you get a doctor to remove the tick?
You should go to your doctor to get the tick removed if it has buried itself deep into your skin. This usually happens if the tick has been on you for several hours, or even a day or two. When a tick has burrowed deep into your skin, it is very hard to remove the tick without leaving some mouth parts behind, which can cause infection.
How Can You Reduce Tick Habitats?
Keep lawns and yards well maintained to prevent ticks from living near your buildings:
Proper Handwashing Procedures
Handwashing is especially important in working environments to help prevent infections from spreading. Employees who don't take the time to follow careful (and frequent) handwashing procedures to remove germs can get sick themselves and spread them to others by:
Calling handwashing "one of the most important steps we can take to avoid getting sick and spreading germs to others", the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that by keeping your hands clean you can help prevent passing diseases to others.
Use these step-by-step handwashing instructions to help keep germs out of your department and cut down on sick days. According to the World Health Organization, the entire handwashing process should take about 40 to 60 seconds.
Wet Your Hands First You can use either cold or warm running water. A sink filled with standing water could be contaminated from a previous use.
When to Wash Your Hands Frequent hand washing is one of the best ways to avoid getting sick and spreading illness. The CDC advises washing hands when they are visibly dirty, or:
If soap and water aren't available, you can use hand sanitizers instead. It should be an alcohol based hand sanitizer that is at least 60% alcohol. Apply the product to one palm and rub your hands together. Continue to rub your hands and fingers until all surfaces are covered and your hands are dry.
How Do I Use Alcohol Based Hand Rubs ?
Alcohol based hand rubs should only be used if no visible dirt is present on the hands.
Risk Assessment Motorized
Tractors and self-propelled machinery can overturn or lose control, when working on slopes, uneven ground, or near ditches. Incorrect loading, weight distribution, poor or incorrect maintenance, turning on slopes and unsafe driving practices will increase the risk of an overturn or loss of control accident. Remember there is no such thing as a 'safe' slope. Operating on grass slopes requires particular care, as grass is likely to be very slippery especially when wet.
It is essential that a risk assessment is carried out to reduce the likelihood of accidents occurring on slopes; typically the process in a campground would cover the following:
Tractor & Motorized Equipment Safety
Tractors must be fitted with a safety cab; roll frame or roll bar. These will give the driver some protection in the event of an overturn, however if there is a risk of injury to the operator due to contact with the cab during an overturn then seat belts or other restraining system should be fitted and worn.
Self-propelled machinery (mowers, turf maintenance machines, dumpers, excavators and work vehicles) should also be fitted with roll over protection (ROP's) if there is a risk of the machine overturning. With these machines it is essential that seat belts are also fitted and worn, as in the event of an overturn the operator would be likely to be thrown from the seat and be crushed by the machine or its roll over protection. The exception to this is the "sit astride" All Terrain Vehicle (ATV's) where it would be impractical to fit roll over protection; the controls used in this example are the requirement for operators to be trained and competent and that they wear head protection. I.E. a hard hat, motorcycle helmet, an ATV helmet or other head protection, which meets the Occupational Health and Safety Act.
Using hand held and pedestrian controlled machinery on slopes may also be hazardous. Problem areas will include:
General Safety Issues
Operators should be adequately trained, particularly to recognize potentially dangerous situations. The training should emphasize the need for care and concentration when working with tractors and self propelled machinery and, in particular, the importance of paying attention to changes in ground conditions, e.g. potholes, gravel or the turning circle load and speed with may affect the safety of the operation.
Routine checks and maintenance will help to ensure that:
Safety tips, have been combined in order to give you a better understanding of the risks of incorrectly operating equipment as well as working in unsafe environments.
You can be seriously injured or killed if you incorrectly operate a chipper/shredder. The most commonly reported causes of serious accidents are:
Never reach into a running chipper/shredder.
2. Struck by Chipper/Shredder's Hood - You can be seriously injured or killed if you open or close the hood on a running chipper/shredder.
Safe work habits are important. Here are three important actions you can take to be safe on the job site.
Certain equipment is necessary to protect your body from materials thrown from the chipper/shredder and to avoid being caught in the equipment's moving parts. When operating a chipper/shredder, you should wear: Close-fitting clothes and no jewelry - Loose shirt sleeves, pant legs or jewelry can catch in the equipment's moving parts, resulting in injury. Do not wear gloves with loose cuffs. Pull back long hair. Tuck in loose clothing.
Long pants and sturdy, non-slip boots. - Wear long pants, without cuffs, to protect your legs from objects that could be thrown from the chipper. Sturdy, non-slip boots will help you keep a firm footing on the ground and reduce the risk of slipping and falling into the chipper/shredder.
Safety glasses - Wear safety glasses to protect your vision.
Hard Hat - Wear a hard hat to protect your head from material that may be kicked out of the machine.
Hearing protection - Overtime, you will lose your hearing if you are exposed to loud noises without protection. Two common types of hearing protection are muffs and plugs. Ear muffs should seal around your ears to properly muffle loud noises. Wash reusable ear plugs with warm, soapy water after each use in order to prevent infection. Discard disposable ear plugs after each use. Remember that I pods or other such devices are not hearing protection and are not to be worn.
When to Wear Hearing Protection - OSHA Standard 1910.95 (i) (l) and Canadian regulations requires hearing protection to be worn when sound levels exceed certain limits (generally, a daily average of 85 or 90 decibels, depending on the circumstances). These levels can be measured with a sound level meter.
Hearing Protection Rules of Thumb - Hearing protection may be needed if:
. You have to raise your voice significantly to be heard by someone three feet away.
. After leaving a noisy area, your ears feel plugged or you hear a mild ringing or whooshing noise that goes away after an hour or two.
. When you start your car in the morning, the radio is so loud from the evening before that you have to turn it down.
PRE-START INSPECTION - Safety starts before the engine. Thoroughly inspect the chipper before beginning work each shift. Use the following checklist as a guide. Alert your supervisor if you find anything wrong during your pre-start inspection.
Machine Placement - Place the machine on a level surface that is not concrete, paved or gravel. Operating on these surfaces can cause thrown material to ricochet and injure or kill the operator or bystanders. Also keep other workers from falling into the chipper/shredder by ensuring the location of the machine is not directly in front of or below where other employees are working.
Missing or Damaged Guards - Guards and shields protect you from moving parts. Check the operator's manual for the location of guards and safety shields.
Hood - Ensure the hood, enclosing the chipper/shredder's knives, is closed and latched before operating. Also, check for loose or missing pins in the hood latch as well as cracked or worn hinges. If the hood is not properly secured, it could fly off and seriously injure or kill you. The chipper/shredder should never be operated with the hood open .
Cutting Chamber - Ensure the cutting chamber is free of foreign objects or other debris such as accumulated wood. Wood and foreign objects can be thrown from the chipper at high rates of speed.
Fluid Leaks - Fluid leaks can cause fires and breakdowns. Report sign of leaking fluid to your supervisor immediately.
Power Take-Off (PTO) - Check to make sure the PTO shaft is fitted correctly with a suitable guard. Also, check the operator's manual to ensure the PTO speed is suitable for the machine.
Using a Buddy System -
Safe Start-up Procedures -
. Start the chipper/shredder at the lowest possible speed and listen for any noise or vibration that could indicate loose or broken parts. If heard, turn off the machine. Be aware at all times of the location of coworkers. Keep all others out of the area. Check the operator's manual for additional procedures.
PTO - Additional precautions for PTO - driven models:
Safe Shutdown Procedures -
. Disconnect the power supply and remove key. You can tell the machine has stopped when no noise or vibration is heard. . Check the operator's manual for additional procedures.
Safe Fueling Procedures - Gasoline and other fuels are flammable. Following safe fueling procedures will help reduce the risk of fuel ignition. Always shut off the engine and wait at least 5 minutes for the engine to cool before refueling. Use only approved fuel containers and store in a well-ventilated area, away from direct sunlight. Never smoke or have an open flame near fuel. Touch the fuel nozzle to the chipper/shredder before opening the fuel cap to reduce the chance that a static spark will ignite the fuel. Keep the nozzle in contact with the filler neck while fueling. Replace the cap as soon as you are finished. Use a funnel or non-spill nozzle when fueling to reduce spillage. Wipe up all spills immediately, before starting the engine. Never clean your hands or tools with gasoline. Use a non-flammable solvent instead.
To Properly Fill Fuel Containers:
Never move, load or transport a chipper/shredder while the engine is running. First, shut off the power supply, wait for all moving parts to come to a complete stop and then disconnect the spark plug wire (if applicable).
When towing, be sure to connect safety hitch chains and tighten and secure trailer hitch bolts. Rotate the chipper/shredder's discharge chute in a direction where it will not strike objects along the roadway. Equipment should only be towed at the manufacturer's recommended speed.
If the chipper/shredder is operated near a roadway, make sure it is positioned far enough away to not interfere with the flow of traffic or injure passers-by. Use flags and warning signs to alert motorists that there are employees in the area. These employees should wear highly reflective vests. Ensure the discharge chute is pointed away from the roadway as well. This will keep debris from flying toward traffic .
AVOID BEING CAUGHT IN MOVING PARTS - Safe Feeding Procedures
Materials should be fed into the chipper/shredder safely to avoid contact with the equipment's moving parts. Follow these feeding procedures to keep you safe.
Moving Parts -
Follow these steps to avoid losing body parts or your life in the equipment's moving parts.
Never leave the chipper/shredder unattended. This helps protect children and unauthorized persons who may go near the equipment.
Never inspect or work on equipment while it is running. This will protect you from the machine's moving parts.
Never operate the chipper/shredder without all guards in place. These guards were put on the machine by the manufacturer to keep you from being caught in moving parts. Never remove or redesign these guards.
Keep hands and feet away from all moving parts.
Before attempting to unclog debris or make adjustments:
. Eliminate tripping hazards by clearing all brush and debris from the front and sides of the machine. This will keep you from falling into its moving parts. . Never climb or sit on the chipper/shredder while it is running.
PTO Safety -
A rotating PTO shaft can quickly catch your clothing or hair and wrap your body around the shaft, killing you before you can react. However, PTO accidents are preventable. Follow these steps to safely work around PTO shafts.
AVOID BEING STRUCK BY THE HOOD. NOTE: The following information has been covered in previous chapters. Due to the seriousness of this issue, please review the information. Prevent Injury From The Hood - The hood that covers the chipper/shredder's rotating blades can fly off and seriously injure or kill you. Take the following steps to protect you from the equipment's hood.
Dump Truck Safety
Whether you drive a dump truck or merely work around them, it is important to remember that they have the potential to be dangerous. There is a tendency for even experienced dump truck drivers to do things the easy way rather than the safe way. A Dump truck is a piece of heavy equipment and should always be treated with the respect and care it deserves.
In addition to crashes, dump truck drivers may be injured while boarding and de-boarding the vehicle and raising or lowering the dump box. Dump truck mechanics and other employees working on the ground in the vicinity of dump truck operations are also at risk for being injured in an accident involving a dump truck. Hazards include tipping over, collapsing bed, running over workers, and injuries during maintenance.
Safe Work Practices -
Check Prior to Use
1) Insect Stings -
Insect stings can be treated without medical attention unless the person suffers an allergic reaction. The first step to treating an insect sting is to remove the stinger. This can be done by using a straight edge (the back of a knife or credit card) to scrape off the stinger. Do not use tweezers since it may squeeze the venom sac and increase the amount of venom released into the wound. Next wash the site thoroughly with soap and water. Place ice wrapped in a washcloth or other suitable covering on the site of the sting for 10 minutes and then off for 10 minutes - if needed an antihistamine can be applied to help reduce the itching. Over the next several days the stinger site should be watched for signs of infection, such as increased redness, swelling, or pain.
Those with severe allergies to insect stings should consult a physician about carrying a prescription medical kit. The kit contains medicine and instructions to be used if the person is stung. If the kit is used, the victim still must receive medical attention. Call for help or take them to the nearest hospital.
2) Snake Bites -
If you are bitten by a snake, seek medical attention immediately and try to describe the size and color of the snake to the doctor. This can help the doctor determine whether or not the snake was poisonous. Never cut, suck or apply cold packs to snake bites.
Your chances of seeing a rattlesnake are remote, since they are relatively shy and will often hide from view to avoid being detected. A rattlesnake's first response is to lie motionless, relying on its cryptic pattern to prevent detection. When the snake does not feel threatened, it will let the danger pass without revealing its location. Depending on the situation and on the snake, a rattlesnake may warn you of its presence by rattling its tail. If given room and time, the snake will move away into nearby cover.
Snake Safety Tips
WHAT TO DO IF YOU ARE BITTEN
Snakebites are a medical emergency and should be taken seriously. Within 15 minutes, most bites are recognizable by the development of discoloration, swelling, and pain at the site of the bite. Hospitals and doctors now receive specialized training in snakebite treatment and have quick access to a network of snakebite experts.
IF A SNAKEBITE OCCURS THE MOST IMPORTANT ACTIONS ARE:
Do not panic. Remain calm. Reassure the bitten person. Remember that the person may have been bitten, but NOT envenomated. The calmer the person is, the better he/she can assist the hospital in ensuring a full recovery. A calm person can assist doctors by answering questions about the incident and the snake in question - important information doctors will use to assess your condition and appropriate treatments. Staying calm is essential! The spread of venom, development of shock, and other medical reactions will be slower if the person stays calm.
Call emergency services to request transportation to the hospital. Remember, there is time. Although a medical emergency, a doctor may opt for one or two hours of observation before deciding on treatment. Do not endanger yourself, the person who was bitten, or others by the reckless operation of a vehicle or boat in order to get to a medical facility or transfer point. To secure transportation to a hospital, one should call an ambulance or an emergency service.
3) Mammals -
Be aware of animals such as squirrels or bats that may be in trees or bushes and startle you during work. Also, be cautious of animas such as rats, skunks and raccoons that could be rabid.
4) Poison Ivy, Oak and Sumac -
5) Wild Parsnip -
Warning Wild Parsnip Risk
This invasive weed should be avoided as it poses a significant health risk to persons. An explosive growth of Wild Parsnip in recent years has resulted in many residents suffering serious burns to the skin as a result of contact with sap from the Wild Parsnip plant.
Wild Parsnip can be found throughout Eastern and Southern Ontario within uncultivated land, roadside ditches, parkland, nature trails, and sports fields as well as on and around residential properties. The best way to avoid contact with the plant is to become familiar with what the plant look like.
Stems & Roots: Stems erect, 50-150 cm (20-60 in.)high, branched, hollow except at the nodes; seedlings with small ovate leaves on long stalks, later rosette leaves pinnately compound with broad leaflets; plants remaining as a rosette during the first season and developing a thick white to yellowish taproot.
Leaves: Stem leaves alternate (1 per node), pinnately compound with usually 2 to 5 pairs of opposite (2 at a place), sharply toothed, relatively broad leaflets that may be somewhat mitten shaped, and 1 somewhat diamond-shaped leaflet at the tip; all leafstalks broad and completely encircle the stem; uppermost leaves reduced to narrow bract5s with flowering branches from their axils.
Flowers & Fruit: Does not flower in its first year of growth. Flowers yellow, small, clustered in compound umbels 10-20 cm (4-8in.) across; seeds round in outline, flat and winged. Flowers from late June into late autumn (resembles dill).
6) Giant Hogweed -
Giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum), also known as Giant cow parsnip is a perennial plant and a member of the carrot family. It is a garden ornamental from southwest Asia that is naturalizing in North America and becoming more common in southern and central Ontario. Giant Hogweed has the potential to spread readily and grows along roadsides, ditches and streams. It invades old fields and native habitats such as open woodlands.
There are a number of plants that look very similar to Giant Hogweed such as Cow parsnip, Purplestem angelica, Woodland angelica, Valerian, Lovage, and Queen Anne's-Lace (also known as Wild carrot). However, these plants are not as large as a mature Giant hogweed, which grows up to 5.5 metres tall under ideal conditions. The white flower clusters resemble those of Queen Anne's Lace, but tend to be more widely spaced and can form a flower-head almost one metre wide.
If you see Giant Hogweed, DO NOT TOUCH IT. Giant hogweed can be a serious health hazard. Its watery, clear sap contains photosensitizing compounds (furanocoumarins), which, when in contact with human skin and in combination with UV radiation, can cause burning. Content varies depending on plant park, but contact should be avoided at all times. The reaction of the skin depends on individual sensitivity. After 24hrs, reddening and swelling of the skin can be noticed, which is followed by an inflammatory reaction after 3 days. Depending on individual sensitivity, effects can last for months and skin can remain sensitive to UV light for years.
Wear protective clothing, including waterproof gloves, long sleeve shirts, pants, and eye protection. It is ideal to wear a disposable "spray suit" coverall over top of your normal clothing (spray suits are commercial grade waterproof coveralls). Remove protective clothing carefully to avoid transferring any sap from your clothing onto your skin. Wash your rubber gloves with soap and water, and then take off your spray suit or outer clothing. Wash your rubber gloves again and then take them off. Finally, take off your protective eye wear. Put non-disposable clothing in the laundry and wash yourself immediately with soap and water.
7) Lightning Precautions:
Lightning strikes injure and kill hundreds of people each year. Follow these precautions to help keep you safe when the weather turns bad.
If you Can't Take Cover Inside -
There are many different scenarios when it comes to the use of a ladder. Whether you are doing some minor repairs around the home or you need the use of a ladder at work, there are some general safety rules that should be applied at all times. We will take a look at some generally accepted safety guidelines for ladder safety. It is strongly advised that you only use grade 1 or 1A industrial ladders in your workplace. Please inspect all ladders in your workplace immediately and remove any damaged and defective ladders, footstools being used as ladders or ladders that are not industrial grade.
Working with Ladders -
Log Splitter Safety
There are different types and sizes of wood splitters available on the market. They range from small portable units for domestic use to larger stationary units for commercial firewood production. The splitting action is usually performed by a moving axe or wedge, which presents a crush hazard to the hands and feet. All those involved in the operation of the wood splitter must have read, and have been instructed in the safety instructions. The owner must ensure that those operating the wood splitter are competent to do so with adequate supervision. The OHS Act requires employers to provide supervision to the extent necessary to minimize the risks to health and safety.
Important Safety Tips before Using a Log Splitter -
Log Splitters - Operation Tips:
Place log on the end plate and turn until it leans against the beam and is stable.
When splitting extra-large or uneven logs, the log must be stabilized with wooden ships or split wood between the log and end plate or ground.
Always keep fingers away from any cracks that open in the log while splitting. They can quickly close and pinch or amputate your fingers.
Preparing the Work Site -
How-To Safely Cut a Log Using a Log Splitter;
Step 1. Logs should be cut with square ends prior to splitting.
Step 2. When loading a log, always place your hands on the sides of the log, not on the ends, and never use your foot to help stabilize a log. Failure to do so, may result in crushed or amputated fingers, toes, hand or foot.
Step 3. Use only your hands to operate the controls.
Step 4. Never attempt to split more than one log at a time unless the ram has been fully extended and a second log is needed to complete the separation of the first log.
Step 5. For logs which are not cut square, the least square ends and the longest portion of the log should be placed towards the beam and wedge, and the square end placed towards the end plate.
Step 6. When splitting in the vertical position, stabilize the log before moving the control. Split as follows; Place log on the end plate and turn until it leans against the beam and is stable. When splitting extra-large or uneven logs, the log must be stabilized with wooden ships or split wood between the log and end plate or ground.
Step 7. Always keep fingers away from any cracks that open in the log while splitting. They can quickly close and pinch or amputate your fingers.
The objective of guarding the wood splitter is to prevent injuries, such as being caught between the moving parts and the wood or the fixed parts of the wood splitter, or being hit by falling wood, during the splitting or return strokes.
For certain machines - outlined in section 4 - where a high risk has been identified, guarding requirements in this section are compulsory.
For machines where a medium risk has been identified due to the wedge speed being less than a nominal 60 mm per second, guarding requirements in this section are optional. However, if the wedge speed exceeds the nominal 60 mm per second, the risk level changes to high and the requirements in this section are compulsory.
The guarding must;
To ensure that guarding is effective, one or more of the following principles should be observed;
For two-handed operation;
The controls for the splitting operation should be laid out in such a way that the operator has an unobstructed view of the splitting action.
Wood Holding Devices -
There should be a means to prevent the wood, or parts of it, from falling onto the operator during the splitting and return movement. An adequate size workbench or table, on which the wood is split, may be an acceptable means of preventing the wood from falling. Where the wood is split horizontally, catch plates (or similar) should be fitted to prevent wood sections falling from the splitter.
Mobile wood splitters should be designed so that they are stable when used or parked according to the manufacturer's instructions.
The machine should not turn over when it is placed on a horizontal hard surface and is subjected to:
Prevent Fires -
Leaf blowers are essential for landscape maintenance professionals. This is because these machines are very efficient tools for cleaning up leaves and other small debris from landscape sites. Since their development in the 1970s, leaf blowers to a large extent have supplanted brooms, hoses, and rakes. Leaf blowers even perform functions that no other tool can handle effectively, such as cleaning areas covered by rock, gravel, bark, or mulch -- with minimal disturbance.
Why do we use leaf blowers?
Leaf blowers are extremely efficient for cleaning leaves, grass clippings, and debris from driveways, sidewalks, parking lots, sports arenas, parks and construction sites. In these situations, a leaf blower is more time and cost efficient than a rake or a broom. Leaf blowers also perform tasks like cleaning areas covered by mulch or bark more effectively than hand tools. When used properly, there is little disturbance to the surface.What do leaf blowers do? You can use a leaf blower to:
Types of leaf blowers
There are two main types of leaf blowers: handheld and backpack models. Both types are usually powered by either a 2-stroke or 4-stroke engine. Some handheld blowers also provide a blower-vacuum combination. There are many different models, attachments and performance options available for different applications. For more technical and performance information, check your operator's manual.How to use a leaf blower
Before you use a leaf blower, read the instruction manual provided by the manufacturer. If you do not have an instruction manual, you can get one by contacting the manufacturer or your local retailer. Many manufacturers have them available on their websites. You need to know how the leaf blower works and how to use it properly before you start a job. For example, the following are general rules:
Handle Gas Carefully
Failure to observe safety precautions when operating mowing equipment can result in serious injury or death. The most common types of serious accidents are:
Agricultural mowers and riding lawn mowers can overturn, causing injury and death. Never make sharp turns at high speeds, especially on a hill.
2. Being Caught in Moving Parts -
Serious injury or death can result from being caught in mowing equipment's moving parts. Never put hands or feet under a running mower. Always shut the mower off before servicing.
Safe work habits are important. Here are three actions you can take to be safe on the job site.
Certain equipment is necessary to protect your body from materials ejected from the mowing equipment and from being caught in moving parts. When operating mowing equipment you should wear the following.
Close-Fitting Clothes and No Jewelry - Loose shirt sleeves, pant legs or jewelry can catch in the equipment's moving parts or on electrical lines, resulting in injury; therefore, close-fitting clothes should be worn. Pull back long hair.
Long pants and sturdy, non-slip boots - Wear long pants and sturdy, non-slip boots to protect your legs and feet from objects that are thrown from the mower. Never wear sandals, which expose your feet, or tennis shoes, which can easily be severed if caught under the mower deck or in the trimmer's cutting swath.
Safety glasses and a face shield - Safety glasses should be worn at all times unless operating equipment with an enclosed cab. A face shield should be used, in addition to safety glasses, when operating a string/brush trimmer and other times when your face could be hit by debris. ALWAYS wear eye protection when operating all mowing equipment.
Hearing Protection - Over time, you will lose your hearing if you are exposed to loud noises without protection. Two common types of hearing protection are muffs and plugs. Ear muffs should seal around your ears to properly muffle loud noises. Wash reusable ear plugs with warm, soapy water after each use in order to prevent infection. Discard disposable ear plugs after each use. Remember that I pods and other such devices are NOT hearing protection and are not to be worn!
When to Wear Hearing Protection - OSHA Standard 1910.95 (i) (l) and Canadian regulations requires hearing protection to be worn when sound levels exceed certain limits (generally, a daily average of 85 or 90 decibels, depending on the circumstances). These levels can be measured with a sound level meter. A hearing conservation program requiring hearing tests and other precautions may also be necessary. Check with the equipment operator's manual, as well as your supervisor, for suggestions on hearing protection for each piece of equipment and instructions on how to wear it properly.
Hearing Protection Rules of Thumb - Hearing protection may be needed if:
PREPARE FOR SAFE OPERATION
Safety starts before the engine. A thorough inspection of the mower or trimmer is important before beginning work each day. Use the checklist on the next page as a guide for daily, visual inspection. Alert your supervisor if you find anything wrong during your daily pre-start inspection.
Check for loose or damaged belts. Loose belts can slip, causing friction and possibly a fire. Belts can also break and be flung from the mower. Tighten loose belts and replace belts if any ply separation or cracks are visible.
Make sure the blade is secure, balanced and covered to prevent injury. Report bent, cracked or worn blades to your supervisor. Protect your hands with heavy-duty gloves when inspecting blades.
Fluid leaks can be a fire hazard as well as cause break-downs. Report signs of leaking fluid to your supervisor immediately.
Accumulated Grass or Grease
Check the mower deck and chute for accumulations of grass clippings, leaves, grease and other debris. Debris build-up on moving parts is a fire hazard and can cause break-downs.
Missing or Damaged Guards
Guards and shields protect you from moving parts. Check the operator's manual for the location of guards and safety shields on the equipment you are using.
When Operating an Agricultural Mower
Ensure there is a shield covering the power take-off (PTO) to keep you from being entangled in the rotating shaft. Also, if your equipment has any belts or pulleys, make sure the guards are in place and secured.
When Operating a Riding Mower
Ensure that the discharge chute's guard is in place to deflect debris and cover the mower's blade. Also if your equipment has any belts or pulleys, make sure the guards are in place and secured. Also, check that the operator presence control is working properly. The control shuts the mower off automatically when weight is lifted off of the seat.
When Operating a Walk Behind Mower
Ensure the operator presence control is working properly. The engine should shut off automatically when the handle is released. There should be a rear guard installed to protect your feet, as well as a discharge chute on the side of the mower that deflects debris and covers the mower's blade.
Check tire pressure and look for signs of damage. Make sure lug bolts are tight to keep the wheel from slipping off.
Attachments (if applicable)
Make sure attachments are mounted and fastened correctly.
Ensure the shield covering the String/blade is in place and secured.
Prepare Mowing Area
Prepare the mowing area before beginning to ensure a safe working environment for yourself and others.
Walk the area to be mowed. Pick up debris such as rocks, sticks, bottles, cans, wires, etc. Debris picked up by a mower or trimmer can be thrown from the machine at speeds as high as 200 mph or cause the equipment to jam or malfunction.
Be Aware of Surroundings
While scanning the area for debris, locate other potential hazards such as ditches, drop-offs or embankments. Be aware at all times of the location of co-workers. Keep all others out of the area while you are mowing or trimming. Make sure that the chute of the mower is pointed away from people, animals, buildings and traffic. ALWAYS be aware of the location of co-workers and wear appropriate eye protection.
SAFE START UP AND SHUT DOWN.
Start Up Safety Procedures - Make sure all attachments are disengaged.
Safe Shut Down Procedures
Safe Fueling Procedures
Gasoline and other fuels are flammable. Follow safe fueling procedures to help reduce the risk of fuel ignition.
To Properly Fill Fuel Containers;
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that can poison and kill. Symptoms of CO poisoning include headache, nausea, weakness, dizziness, and the loss of consciousness. To avoid CO poisoning, operate all equipment outdoors. If you must work indoors, make sure there is adequate ventilation to prevent exposure to CO.
PREVENTING ROLLOVER ACCIDENTS
When a mower becomes unstable or out of balance, it can roll over. A human's reaction time is too slow to stop a rollover once it starts. Look over the area before you mow, noting all land elevation changes. Once you have assessed the area to be mowed, observe the following precautions to avoid rollover accidents, Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, embankments or steep slopes. The wheels on your mower and attachments can drop off or slide over the edge, causing the mower to roll over. Use a string trimmer to cut grass in these locations.
Do not operate tractors and mowers on steep hills. Refer to the operator's manual for the maximum slope allowed for your equipment. Know the maximum slope on which your equipment can safely be operated.
Avoid sudden moves. - Abrupt starts, stops and sharp turns can make the equipment roll over.
Slow down when turning and make wide, gradual turns, especially when mowing on slopes. - Turning quickly and sharply can cause the mower to overturn. When mowing on slopes, don't turn unless you have to. If turning is required, turn slowly and downhill.
Riding Lawn Mowers/Agricultural Tractors - Mow up and down slopes, not across. Your mower can become unbalanced and overturn on slopes, if you do not drive in the correct direction. Mowing up and down slopes can help prevent a side rollover. Keep the heavy end uphill to avoid a rollover. Refer to your operator's manual to determine which end is heavier.
Walk Behind Mowers - Mow across slopes, not up and down, to keep you from sliding underneath the mower.
AVOID BEING CAUGHT IN MOVING PARTS.
Observe these precautions to prevent being caught in the equipment's moving parts.
OTHER COMMON DANGERS.
Runovers - you can be injured or killed if you are run over by mowing equipment. Protect yourself by following these steps to avoid runovers.
Obstacles- You can be seriously inured or killed if you run into obstacles while mowing. Follow these precautions to avoid obstacles.
Thrown Objects- Objects thrown from mowing equipment can cause severe injury. Follow these steps to protect yourself and others.
Electrical Safety- Follow these precautions to keep you from being electrocuted while working with electric tools.
Mower Safety Guideline for on Ground Use
Driving in the Safety Zone- "Driving in the safety zone" means making choices that keep you out of high-risk situations and hazards, like steep slopes or sudden drop-offs near water. Stay off hills or surfaces with a slope greater than 15 degrees.
Maintain areas close to water with a hand trimmer or walk mower- Avoid driving your mower too close to water. There may be drop-offs, the surrounding grass can be wet or slippery, or the ground might be muddy and unstable.
Give yourself plenty of clearance- It's tempting to get as close to water or edges as you can to eliminate a little handwork. But don't sacrifice safety in the interest of saving a little time or effort. Give yourself plenty of clearance. Suggested use is 2 mower widths as a guide.
Safety Basics- Safety basics when operating any mowing equipment:
Keep movements deliberate and steady- ZRT zero turn mowers operate differently than traditional garden tractors. They're maneuvered with control levers rather than steering wheels. They're fast, and they can turn on a dime-that's why they're so popular. In the interest of safety, keep your speed under control and operate the control levers with smooth even pressure.
Maneuvering Hills- Depending on the surroundings, you may feel more comfortable mowing from side to side or up and down a hill. But in either case, hills can cause loss of traction. Never drive your ZRT mower on any slopes greater than 15 degrees. Keep movements deliberate and steady. Don't make sudden changes in speed or direction.
Retaining wall and drop offs- Retaining walls and drop offs around steps or ramps are a common hazard. Give yourself plenty of clearance. Hand trim the edges with a walk behind mower or string trimmer.
PPE Program Grounds Maintenance
The employer will establish what personal protective equipment is to be worn, how it is to be worn and where and when it is to be worn. By regulations in the Occupational Health and Safety Act, it is Provincial law that all employees will follow those rules. If a worker is to use chemicals when performing their work, the material safety data sheets for those chemicals will indicate what personal protective equipment is to be worn.
Work Shops and Maintenance
PPE Guidelines- Head Protection
When a worker is exposed to the hazard of head injury the worker must wear head protection appropriate in the circumstances. Any work being done above a workers head will require that head protection be worn and the worker will ensure that:
PPE Guidelines- Eye Protection
Eye protection is required at all times when working where there is a potential danger of an injury to the eyes, with equipment that produces particles or causes chemical splashing. Any work done with, air-powered equipment, grinders wire wheels, or other equipment that may cause eye injury, requires eye protection.
PPE Guidelines- Foot Protection
Foot protection is required at all times while at the shop or when working on the grounds. In general this will mean that all workers wear foot protection that is appropriate for the type of work they are performing. In general it is important to use slip resistant footwear in the kitchen. In some instances it will be necessary to use footwear that meets the CSA green patch requirements, (steel toe and steel shank).
PPE Guidelines- Hand Protection
Hand protection is required for all situations where there is the potential for injury to your hands.
PPE Guidelines- Hearing Protection
A worker exposed to the hazard of injury from contact to the worker's skin with a noxious gas, liquid, fume or dust; a sharp or jagged object that may puncture, cut or abrade the worker's skin; a hot object, hot liquid or molten metal, must wear appropriate protective equipment or clothing. This may mean that workers will be required to wear dust masks or other equipment designed to eliminate the inhalation of these gases, fumes or dusts. Or the worker may be required to wear equipment designed to eliminate contact with a dangerous liquid. In cases where the worker may possibly cut or burn themselves the worker will be required to wear equipment designed to eliminate this possibility.
PPE Required By All Workers
Safety Glasses - when operating mowers, weed trimmers, any powered equipment, power tools or when working out on the property.
Safety Goggles - If wearing non safety prescription glasses and for when dispensing chemicals such as gasoline or other chemicals.
Ear Plugs or Ear Muffs - When decibel level is above 85db. IPods are not acceptable as hearing protection.
Particle Mask - In dusty conditions.
Gloves - When handling wood, metal, sharp objects such as mower blades, metal strapping, broken glass or other material such as emptying garbage cans.
Safety Boots - CSA approved, required.
Hard Hats - When working outside on the property as required by MGMT.
Chemical Resistant Gloves (Nitrile) - To be worn when dispensing or handling chemicals including gasoline.
Splash Proof Aprons - To be worn when dispensing large amounts of gasoline or other chemicals.
Skid Steer / Loaders
Skid steer loaders can cause serious injuries or death if the machine overturns and crushes the operator, a worker is struck by the bucket, or a worker standing on the bucket is injured by a fall or run over by a machine.
GREATEST DANGERS Skid steer loaders can be dangerous if you do not observe certain safety precaution. Injuries can death are preventable. The most commonly reported causes of serious injury and death using skid steer loaders are
Safe Start Up and Shut Down
Entering Workers are crushed and killed by moving parts when they do not climb into the skid steer loader safely. To prevent accidents, enter according to manufacturers instruction.
Safe Start Up Practices
Safe Shut Down and Exit Many operators are killed trying to climb out of the cab without observing safe shut down procedures. Protect yourself by always following these precautions:
Moving Parts Can Crush You - Being crushed by moving parts is the most commonly reported cause of death when operating a skid steer loader. Crushing accidents happen while entering and exiting, during operation, and when performing maintenance. Even when the loader is equipped with interlocks, those interlocks are not fool proof. People are killed in ways that cannot be prevented by interlock systems.
How To Avoid Being Crushed
When a skid steer loader becomes unstable or out of balance, it tips over. Overloading, carrying loads too high, operating on rough or uneven surfaces, adding attachments or driving too fast for conditions cause the loader to become unstable. Human reaction time is too slow to stop a rollover once it starts. You can avoid rollovers by recognizing dangerous situations and taking action to avoid them. Stay away from steep edges when operating a skid steer loader
Avoid Rollover Accidents
Golf Cart Safety
Most accidents involving golf carts stem from drivers and workers not operating their cart safely and by not using caution and common sense. Some injuries have been caused by golf cart operators standing rather than sitting inside the cart; passengers standing on the back of the cart where there are no seats, passengers standing on the fenders of a cart, hanging legs or arms out of the cart, the driver not paying attention to where he or she is going, taking sharp turns at too high speeds, trying to drive up, down or across steep slopes, over slippery surfaces or operating a cart with others on the cart simply not seated properly. The rules of the road apply to the cart paths and the use of a golf cart anywhere they are being operated.
No employee is to operate a golf cart until they have read these rules, been properly trained and have this training documented in their training records.
Emergency Response Plan
Developing safe work habits before, during and after all work helps you avoid accidents on the job. Yoh have been presented with checklists, safety tips and exercises designed to help you avoid the most commonly reported causes of operation injuries and deaths, as well as other important safety precautions to consider. Use this information to keep your work experience safe. Do not operate any equipment until you have been thoroughly trained and your training records have been updated and signed.
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